Chimpanzee Habitat

Chimpanzee Habitat

Where do chimpanzees live?

A habitat is a particular area with specific characteristics such as temperature, humidity level, and food availability where several organisms coexist. Each organism has a habitat, although its species can adapt to dwell in diverse habitats. For example, chimpanzees.

Each of these primates, members of the genus Pan, belong to one of the only two species: common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and bonobo or pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus), and, in the case of the former, to some subspecies. All chimpanzees are native to Africa but they inhabit discontinuous zones of the center and west of the continent, and the species never get in contact since they live separated by the Congo River.

Some populations have adapted to slightly arid areas, swamp forests or open savannahs.

In general, chimpanzees dwell the Afrotropical ecozone, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). An ecozone is each division of the surface of the planet in which living beings have thrived relatively isolated.

Chimpanzees are adapted to several types of habitats, although they usually live in the jungle. They live successfully in rainforests, mainly in what used to be the equatorial jungle belt. However, they also dwell in humid and dry forests, in gallery forests (those near a river or other body of water), in Primary and secondary forests, swamp forests that flood seasonally, wet savannas, wooded savannas and sometimes in some grasslands and shrublands.

Natural habitat of chimpanzees.

A young chimpanzee is playing in the Congo forest.

Naturally, autonomous populations live in each of these diverse habitats. Some Common chimpanzees live in the jungle of the Cameroon Ridge, a region of highlands over 900 meters high, decked out with several mountains.

The mountain jungle of the Albertine fault also houses Common chimpanzees, since their mountains, in conjunction with the green foliage of the trees, offer them abundant food and shelter. Additionally, the jungles of the Congo River basin, which are full of life due to their proximity to water, are typical places where chimpanzees dwell. In this ecoregion, you can see tropical forests as well as savannas and grasslands.

You can realize that they do not move away from areas with trees, and since they need to drink water and not just get it from their food, they need to live in places close to some permanent source of the vital liquid. Although surprisingly, some populations have adapted to slightly arid areas of Senegal and Tanzania, which correspond to savannas, swamp forests, bamboo forests, secondary forests and open forests, but never in a desert or semi-desert region. Those who live in the savannas avoid leaving the area unless they need to move to another section of trees.

The land altitude on which they dwell range from sea level to 2,800 meters, or at most 3,000 meters above sea level. They prefer life in the lowlands, but many thrive in mountain areas. They are not demanding and are very adaptable. They spend most of their time in trees, where they build nests with leaves and branches, and occasionally go down to socialize and look for more food, among other activities.

 

Sources:

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/15932/0

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/15933/0

http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/chimpanzee

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chimpanzee#Distribution_and_habitat

http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/great_apes/chimpanzees/index.cfm

 

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